Physicszaccel-rennovate.jpg

Instructor- Mr.Welch
Classroom CC21
Office- Science office (963-4747)
jwelch@hyde.edu

Course Description


Physics-Mechanics, Optics and Waves,and Electricity and Magnetism will introduce students to topics in Newtonian Mechanics, Classical Optics and Waves, and Electricity and Magnetism. Students will utilize math from Algebra II throughout the course, and occasionally trigonometry. Students should have taken Algebra II and passed with a B or better, and it would be in their best interest to take precalculus concurrently. The fall term will focus on Newtonian Mechanics, the winter term on Optics and the spring term on Electricity and Magnetism. The course will rely heavily on student lead inquiry especially during labs.


Homework:

Spring Term:

March 22- DEL Chapter 16
March 24- Practice problems 436 and section review on 438
March 25 - Problems 53, 55, 58, 69
March 28- Find an article on wave-particle duality and create a double entry log
3/29- Section rev. 17.1 and DEL 17
3/31 Section Rev. 17.2 and Practice problems 17
4/1 DEL 18
4/4 Chapter 18.1 pg 487 Practice problems. Along with 67 and 70 from the chapter problems

4/19 4pg paper-- 25% of the page should be diagrams and supporting pictures. You will explain the demonstrations you created in each of the following experiments. Colored Shadows (4), Law of Reflection and Lateral Inversion (4-5), Caustic Curve or Spherical Aberration(8), Apparent Depth(12),Total Internal Reflection in a Prism (14). Rough Draft due friday. Images and diagrams must be created by you from your notes but using software. This is a synthesis of your observations and notes, with research in an attempt to explain the principles in classical optics involved in each experiment.


4/25-- DEL Chapter 20
5/2 Complete 20.1 and 20.2 section reviews along with problems 43, 46, 48 and 51 by the end of the week.

Subject Author Replies Views Last Message
More Messages
Conservation of momentum jwelch jwelch 13 93 Apr 5, 2015 by guest (71.11.11.146) guest (71.11.11.146)
Optics jwelch jwelch 6 76 Feb 19, 2015 by guest (71.11.11.146) guest (71.11.11.146)
Force and Vectors jwelch jwelch 26 132 Jan 27, 2015 by guest (107.77.76.18) guest (107.77.76.18)
Energy and Work jwelch jwelch 23 161 Jan 20, 2015 by guest (71.11.11.146) guest (71.11.11.146)
Units and Measurement jwelch jwelch 2 26 Sep 30, 2014 by guest (166.216.165.116) guest (166.216.165.116)




Important Documents

Syllabus w/ Unit Plans-


Standard Syllabus-

Class Notes 2014

Fall

Units and Measurement

http://physics.nist.gov/cuu/Units/prefixes.html
Units and Properties of matter-standard f13.jpg Scientific Notation Review-Standard F13.jpg
Linear Functions in Physics 13.jpg Quadratic Functions in Physics 13.jpg Line of best fit Physics 13.jpg
What is dimensional analysis? What is physics? more dimensional analysis and a little scientific notation What happened when we measured the table Accuracy vs. Linear.jpg Quadratic.jpg inverse square.jpg
purpose notes.jpg procedure notes.jpg Data-Conclusion Notes.jpg more conclusion notes.jpg

Kinematics

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/physics/one-dimensional-motion
Distance vs Displacement 13.jpg Position vs. Time Graphs 13.jpgPosition vs. Time Graphs 2 13.jpg
Defining acceleration.jpg
introduction to kinematic equations Physics 13.jpg an example problem involving two kinematic equations Physics 13.jpg

Forces and Newton's Laws

Direc proportionality vs inverse Physics 13.jpg Newton's Laws Physics 13.jpg Combining Forces Physics 13.jpg Net Force Physics 13.jpg
Newtons 3rd law, tension, the normal http://www.educreations.com/lesson/view/newton-s-3rd/1659712/?ref=app Mass Vs. Weight.jpg
Example problem pt1 [[file:Newton's 2nd example problems standard 14 pt2.jpg|example problem pt2 ]] example problem part3 Newton's 1st law-another definition Newton's 2nd law explained

Introduction to trigonometry and vectors

-Intro to trig 1 Physics 13.jpg Intro to trig 2 Physics 13.jpg Intro to trig 3 Physics 13.jpg Intro to trig 4 Physics 13.jpg Intro to trig 5 Physics 13.jpg
Adding Vectors Intro Physics13.jpg

Components of forces, friction, and projectiles.

Components of forces and the normal force Physics 13.jpg A block sliding down a plane Physics13.jpg
Introduction to friction 1 physics 13.jpg Introduction to friction 2 physics 13.jpg
Intro to projectiles 1.jpg Intro to projectiles 2.jpg Projectile shot horizontally from a height
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=57vdgKzBwJw Part 2http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FRozP2_yQgc
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6WBUaJX79EI Part 4 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sjevM5gOt0A

Gravity and Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation

Newton's law of universal gravitation.jpg All objects with mass are gravitationally attracted.jpg Orbits 1.jpg Orbits are Elliptical.jpg Orbits example.jpg

Rotational Dynamics, Torque, equillibrium

Connecting Linear and Angular Quantities.jpg Defining Lever, Lever Arm and Torque.jpg Center of mass and equillibrium (rough).jpg
Torque Sample Problem 1.jpg A wrench problem.jpg The See-Saw (complete).jpg
Newton's Second Law- Rotational.jpg

Linear and Angular Momentum

Definition of Momentum- Relationship to Force.jpg Applying the Impulse-Momentum Theory.jpg
Intro to conservation of momentum.jpg Recoil.. in space!.jpg an elastic collison.jpg
1-D car crash.jpg 2-D car crash.jpg Conservation of Angular Mometum.jpg Car rolling down a hill with collision pt 1.jpg Car rolling down a hill with collision part 2.jpg

Heat and Temperature


Review of linear albgebra for ABS 0 lab.jpg discussing temperature scales.jpg discussing kinetic energy of a gas confined to a boundary.jpg The graph we will create in our ABS 0 lab.jpg http://www.statisticshowto.com/articles/how-to-find-a-linear-regression-equation/
Specific Heat 1.jpg Specific Heat 2.jpg http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/thermo/heat.html
https://www.khanacademy.org/science/physics/thermodynamics/v/thermodynamics-part-1
definition of pressure.jpg why use hydraulics.jpg pressure under a fluid.jpg

Waves and Sound

Diagram of wave basics.jpg Wave equation and superposition.jpg The harbor problem- constructive and destuctive interference.jpg what are sound waves.jpg
Heat's relationship with KE An interseting question about gases Some neat concepts about temperature to look up Specific Heat
Finding pressure on a diver Buoancy Pressure and Hydraulics

February

How we found absolute zero (an example graph) Introducing the pedulum Sample data from the pedulum lab
Anatomy of a wave measuring waves Completely out of phase basic superposition of waves
two slit interference The pen in water, laser pointer and the mirror, the curly plastic "thing-a-ma-bob"
What is Sound? Doppler pt1 Doppler part 2 Resonance in a closed pipe A rough example of data collection for the speed of sound lab
http://www.phys.unsw.edu.au/jw/flutes.v.clarinets.html
https://www.khanacademy.org/science/physics/waves-and-optics

Classical Optics


Basic info about light.jpg Recall the wave equation and apply to light.jpg You might also like to read
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rayleigh_scattering
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/163008/diffraction
Light and inverse square laws 1.jpg Light and inverse square laws 2.jpg Light and inverse square laws 3.jpg
What is color.jpg Polarization.jpg Malus' law.jpg Doppler effect for light.jpg
Two Slit-harbor problem.jpg http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GdnL_S4qdTU -- wave particle duality
Law of reflection.jpg Plane Mirrors.jpg Mirror vocabulary and diagram.jpg Two rough examples of ray diagrams.jpg
Total internal reflection.jpg

Class Notes 2012:

These notes are intended to supplement your class notes, they don't always give the complete story but can help to back up what you've learned or get you started on what you have missed.

Fall:

September-

9-4--
9-5What is dimensional analysis? What is physics? more dimensional analysis and a little scientific notation
9-7 What happened when we measured the table Accuracy vs. Precision What happened when we used the spring scale What needs to change to build a better lab
9-8 Refresher on a few types of functions Linear.jpg Quadratic.jpg inverse square.jpg
9-11 Lab corrections
9-12 Timing an event lab purpose notes.jpg procedure notes.jpg Data-Conclusion Notes.jpg more conclusion notes.jpg
9-14 Representing motion Displacement vs Distance.jpg working with a constant velocity graph.jpg Real velocity vs time data.jpg avg velocity taken two ways.jpg The idea of instantaneous velocity.jpg limitations of the particle model.jpg limitations of the particle model pt 2.jpg
9-17 Acceleration and Kinematic Eqs Defining acceleration.jpg Relating V vs T graphs to X vs T.jpg How to break down X vs T graphs.jpg How to break down V vs T graphs.jpg looking at the kinematic equations.jpg
9-18 No notes
9-19 Intro to Newton's Laws.jpg The normal force and equillibrium.jpg Equillibrium Continued.jpg
9-21 Mass Vs. Weight.jpg Combining Forces in 1D example.jpg
9-24 Newton's Third Law- The Normal, and Tensions w/ example problem http://www.educreations.com/lesson/view/newton-s-3rd/1659712/?ref=app
9-25 Graphing Demo graphing demonstration.jpg x vs t.cmbl v vs t.cmbl a vs t.cmbl (you will need to get logger pro software from me to view the graphs we created with the venier motion detector.

October

10-03 No notes please refer to last years notes from 9-30 found below.
10-08 Friction 1 Friction 2 Friction 3 Friction 4 Friction 5 Finding mu.jpg
10-09 Inclined Planes and Critical Angle 1.jpg Inclined Planes and Critical Angle 2.jpg Inclined Planes and Critical Angle 3.jpg Chapter 5 Problem 92.jpg
10-11 Refer to notes from 10/04/2011 Hanging Mass Problem.jpg
10-12 Intro to projectiles 1.jpg Intro to projectiles 2.jpg projectile shot horizontally off a cliff
10-15 Please refer to 10/12/2011 jump shot
10-23 Uniform Circular Motion 1.jpg Uniform Circular Motion 2.jpg Uniform Circular Motion 3.jpg
10-24 through 10-26 No Notes saved. Review your problem sets and notes from chapters 5 and 6
10-30 Great website for understanding the atwoods machine problem that was on your test
http://physics.bu.edu/~duffy/semester1/c6_inclined_atwood.html

November

11/1 Kepler, Gravitation, and Inverse Square Laws Orbits are Elliptical.jpg Keplers Laws.jpg Why does gravity exist.jpg All objects with mass are gravitationally attracted.jpg Inverse Square Law.jpg NLUG is inverse square law 1.jpg NLUG is inverse square law 2.jpg
11/2 Introduction to circular orbits Orbits 1.jpg Orbits example.jpg
11/6 Review Day 1: Review Day 1 section 1.jpg Review Day 1 section 2.jpg Review Day 1 Section 3.jpg Review Day 1 Section 4.jpg Review Day 1 Section 5.jpg
11/8 Review Day 2- Force in 2D: Review Day 2 Force in 2 Dimensions 1.jpg Review Day 2 Force in 2 Dimensions 2.jpg Reveiw Day 2 Force in 2 Dimensions 3.jpg Reveiw Day 2 Force in 2 Dimensions 4.jpg

Winter:

November

11/27 Connecting Linear and Angular Quantities. Connecting Linear and Angular Quantities.jpg
11/28 Introducing Torque Defining Lever, Lever Arm and Torque.jpg Defining the lever arm.jpg Torque Sample Problem 1.jpg A wrench problem.jpg The See-Saw (complete).jpg
11/29- More about Torque-- Newton's Second Law- Rotational.jpg

December

12/3 Center of mass Center of Mass for two particles.jpg Center of mass and equillibrium (rough).jpg
12/7 Impulse-Momentum Theory Definition of Momentum- Relationship to Force.jpg Applying the Impulse-Momentum Theory.jpg

January

1/4 Welcome back. Today we completed sample problems on the impulse-momentum theorem. There were no class notes
1/7 Conservation of Momentum-Day 1 Intro to conservation of momentum.jpg Recoil.. in space!.jpg an elastic collison.jpg
1/8 Conservation of Momentum-Day 2 1-D car crash.jpg 2-D car crash.jpg Conservation of Angular Mometum.jpg Car rolling down a hill with collision pt 1.jpg Car rolling down a hill with collision part 2.jpg
1/22 absolute zero lab preparation Review of linear albgebra for ABS 0 lab.jpg discussing temperature scales.jpg discussing kinetic energy of a gas confined to a boundary.jpg The graph we will create in our ABS 0 lab.jpg
1/28 http://www.statisticshowto.com/articles/how-to-find-a-linear-regression-equation/
1/30 Temperature changes in materials and specific heat. Specific Heat 1.jpg Specific Heat 2.jpg

February

2/4 Introduction to pressure definition of pressure.jpg why use hydraulics.jpg pressure under a fluid.jpg
2/5 Demonstration day. It took us 3:30 to boil 100ml of water from an initial temparature of 19 degrees celsius. What did that demonstrate?
2/8 Pendulum demonstration Intro to pendulum demonstration notes.jpg
2/11 Waves Diagram of wave basics.jpg Wave equation and superposition.jpg The harbor problem- constructive and destuctive interference.jpg what are sound waves.jpg
2/12 Physics of music (resonance) I find this site to be very helpful
http://www.phys.unsw.edu.au/jw/flutes.v.clarinets.html

Spring

March

3/21 exam corrections-No notes
3/22 Intro to light- Basic info about light.jpg Recall the wave equation and apply to light.jpg You might also like to read
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rayleigh_scattering and this explains diffraction pretty concisely
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/163008/diffraction
3/25 Light and inverse square laws Light and inverse square laws 1.jpg Light and inverse square laws 2.jpg Light and inverse square laws 3.jpg
3/26 Color, Polarization, Doppler Effect- What is color.jpg Polarization.jpg Malus' law.jpg Doppler effect for light.jpg
3/28- We took a break to discuss quantum mechanics and light Two Slit-harbor problem.jpg http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GdnL_S4qdTU -- wave particle duality
3/29- Class discussion about your articles. No notes, no homework.
4/1 and 4/2 Introduction to mirrors and ray diagrams Law of reflection.jpg Plane Mirrors.jpg Mirror vocabulary and diagram.jpg Two rough examples of ray diagrams.jpg
4/4 Practice problems on page 472 were completed in class- No Notes
4/5 homework reveiw- No Notes
4/9 Total internal reflection Total internal reflection.jpg

4/24 Lab notes only. Refer to your lab journal.

Class Notes 2011:

Fall:

September-

9-6--Looking at units How to define physics
9-8 Precision vs Accuracy Significant figures accounting for error
9-9Discussion of types of functions Quadratic refresher Discussing x(t) graphs y=ax and y=a/x
9-10Finding human error on stopwatch TOF for object dropped- justification/dimensional analysis Recording data and discussing accuracy Ball Drop- Lab
9-12Displacement vs distance Speed vs. Velocity (vector vs. scalar) Average velocityx(t) graphs, constant velocity and slope average vs instantaneous velocity
9-13Discussing V(t) graphs linear and non linear x(t)- acceleration reading another x(t) graph
9-15Tangent lines and instantaneous vV(t) graphs and constant acceleration
9-16Newton's 2nd 3 laws and a free body diagram Newton's laws in more detail
9-19Ch 4 problem 62 More about Fnet
9-30Trig basics adding vectors-principle of superposition reminder of objectives Adding two forces graphical addition of vectors
Trig Basics (2nd version) Breaking a velocity into its components adding 3 vectors

October-

10-3Fundamentals of Friction 2 basic friction problems Solving for the coefficient of static friction
10-4Force in 2D- hanging mass problem Force in 2D- hanging mass problem 2
10-7atwoods machine on an inclined plane
10-10projectile motion - time of flight independence of components of velocity range-shot from cliff
10-11projectile problem-jump shot
10-12uniform circular motion a centripetal force problem
10-19Ch 6-Problem 63
10-20 Review Notes:Summing forces Friction on a level surface finding an unknown force (equillibrium) list of topics from ch5 car in a skid
10-21 Review Notes: Ch6- review sheet Tank shooting from a cliff the hammer throw football pass
10-31Introduction to Kepler's laws Using Kepler's 3rd Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation

Novemeber-

11-1 Finding orbital velocities for various radii conditions for orbit another orbital velocity problem NLOUG and finding the mass of the earth
11-3 ULOG between two objects and resultant a The concept of G field Curved space and G fields
11-4Discussing the g-field of an objectSolving a g-field problem 7.2 rev problem 15aSetting up 7.2 review problem 15b

Winter-

December-

11-29 rotational review
12-1Levers and Torque Door Problem/Wrench Problem Placing the fulcrum on a balanced see-saw (intro)
12-2See-Saw (complete) Torque on a belt driven disc Newton's 2nd for rotational motion
12-5 Rotational EQ and the tipping point A ladder rests on two saw horses
12-8Impulse and Momentum Calculating Momentum Impulse-Momentum Theorem Rough justification for Impulse Momentum
12-9 Turn Table Demo (intro) Turn Table 2 Turn Table 3 Turn table final
12-12 Comparing Impulse Justification of Conservation of P from Newton's 3rd Thruster Gun Ex Justification of Conservation of Momentum revised Two Dimensional Car Wreck

January

1-10 Simple Machine Definitions
1-12Usefule equations (machines) Compound Macine Basics Example: Problem 86 Multiple Pulleys
1-13Energy, KE, and the W-KE theorem Gravitational and Elastic PE A Gravitational PE problem Introducing Conservation of Energy
1-17 Ch 11 problem 60 Ch 11 Problem 70 Problem 72- two perspectives Emec in bar graphs inelastic collision part 1Part 2
1-27 Heat's relationship with KE An interseting question about gases Some neat concepts about temperature to look up Specific Heat
1-30Finding pressure on a diver Buoancy Pressure and Hydraulics

February

2-2 How we found absolute zero (an example graph)
2-7 Introducing the pedulum Sample data from the pedulum lab
2-9 Anatomy of a wave measuring waves Completely out of phase basic superposition of waves
two slit interference
2-10 Observations from wave demos:The pen in water, laser pointer and the mirror, the curly plastic "thing-a-ma-bob"
2-13 What is Sound? Doppler pt1 Doppler part 2 Resonance in a closed pipe
2-14 A rough example of data collection for the speed of sound lab

Spring-

March

3-22 bohr model and photon emission An example of slit page notes Relating frequency and wavelength
3-23 Inverse square laws illuminance and luminous flux illuminance vs distance graph
3-26 polarization intro two polarizing lenses Doppler effect and light
3-27 Class discussion/video response- Students generate SPN
3-28 What is a ray diagram (very simple version) Law of reflection Plane mirrors
3-30 introducing curved mirrors curved mirror example 1 example 2 ?duplicate?

April

4-2 Working with the mirror equation Concave d<f concave d<f also Convex d<f
4-4 Intro to refraction part 1 Refraction part 2 w/ sample problem
4-5 Intro to lenses Thin lens equation and example problem
4-12 tro to electrostatics using the electroscope part 1 part 2 part 3
4-18 attraction between a neutral and charged object Grounding the electroscope Force behaves like 1/r^2 The elementary charge and Coulombs
4-19 Electric field strenth relating E to Fe relationship to gravity
4-24 comparing electric potential to grav potential diff defining electric potential difference capacitance

May

5-2 Discussing Ohm's Law and some imprtant vocab Ohms law and power (dimensional analysis) symbols for circuit diagrams very simple circuit problem
5-7 an example of components in series Components in Parallel simplifying a circuit simplifying part 1 part 2 Part 3
5-10 What is a magnet? Types of magnets field of a dipole right hand rules
5-11 forces on current carrying wires current carrying loops in a B field (electric motor) force on a moving charge in a b field dimensioal analysis of Tesla
Powerpoint- extra resources from the AP site which may or may not be useful. I will be adding material geared more towards this class.
work and Energy.ppt
vectors.ppt
systems of ptcles.ppt
rotation.ppt
oscillations.ppt
Gravity quick.ppt
force and motion.ppt
Equilibrium.ppt
2D_motion.ppt1-D_motion.ppt

Helpful Links:


Demos

Fabulous videos of demonstrations done at Harvard. Check out Pendulum Waves! http://sciencedemonstrations.fas.harvard.edu/icb/icb.do?keyword=k16940&pageid=icb.page80641
Novel demonstrations ("snacks") from San Francisco'sExploratorium: http://exploratorium.edu/snacks/index.html
Useful demos from Michigan Tech:
http://www.phy.mtu.edu/LECDEMO/websit/demolst.htm#1d
UC Berkeley’s Physics Demos: http://www.mip.berkeley.edu/physics/bookadx.html
Bill Beaty’s Science demos and projects – low cost yet highquality:
http://amasci.com/scied.html#demo
Brown University’s demos + :http://www.physics.brown.edu/physics/demopages/Demo/index.htm
Index list of downloadable demo movies from Wake ForestUniversity:
http://www.wfu.edu/physics/demolabs/demos/avimov/bychptr/bychptr.htm
University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Physics Demonstrations:
http://www.phys.utk.edu/demoroom/
A catalogue of demonstrations from the University ofMaryland:
http://www.physics.umd.edu/lecdem/services/demos/mainindex.htm

Simulations
PhET, anamazing collection of simulations produced at the University of Colorado,Boulder. I especially love the ones onorbital motion ("My Solar System"), the photoelectric effect andnuclear fission: http://phet.colorado.edu/simulations/index.php?cat=Featured_Sims
Amazingripple tank simulation (Moire pattern, Doppler effect, etc.): http://www.falstad.com/ripple/
Kepler's LawsSimulations - A good set of simulations showing Kepler's Laws for the planetsin our Solar System as well as custom made orbits.
http://astro.unl.edu/naap/pos/animations/kepler.html
Amazingsimulation allowing you to probe the universe and see planets, stars, galaxies,orbits, spaceship trajectories, etc.: www.shatters.net/**celestia**/
Agood collection of simulations called physics "applets":
http://www.walter-fendt.de/ph14e/index.html
Explanations and simulations concerning atomic and nuclearphysics:
http://library.thinkquest.org/17940/
One of many sites for downloading Gravitation Ltd. (fororbital motion, using Apple computers):
http://free-game-downloads.mosw.com/abandonware/pc/educational_games/games_e_m/gravitation_ltd_.html
Collision simulator: http://www.blackgold.ab.ca/ict/Division4/Science/Div.%204/collisions/index.htm

Of the utmost importance!

http://www.flickr.com/photos/phyz/sets/72157625985944742/